Cyber3Conference Okinawa2015, Japan, November 7-8, 2015.
Europol-INTERPOL Cybercrime Conference, The Hague, The Netherlands, September 30-October 2, 2015.
The International Conference on Cyber Engagement 2015: Enhancing Cooperation Across Digital Borders, Georgetown University, Washington DC, USA, April 27, 2015
The Commonwealth Cybersecurity Forum 2015, London, UK, April 22-24, 2015 
 INTERPOL World 2015, Singapore, April 14-16, 2015

 ITU Conference on Cyberspace, Energy & Development: Protecting Critical Energy Infrastructure, Geneva, October 10, 2014.
 INTERPOL-Europol Cybercrime Conference, Singapore, October 1-3, 2014.
 Asia Cyber Liability Insurance Conference, Singapore, July 2-3, 2014. 
  Conference on Identity Theft, by NorSIS-Oberthur Technologies, Oslo, Norway, February 11-12, 2014,

 Second Roundtable Meeting on Cybercrime, EWI Brussels Office, October 2, 2013
 Europol - INTERPOL Cybercrime Conference, The Hague, September 24-25, 2013. 
 EWI Working Group on Cybercrime Workshop, University of Lausanne, Switzerland, September 4-5, 3013.
 Roundtable Meeting on Cybercrime, EWI Brussels Office, May 15, 2013 
 Conference on Partnership between State, Civil Society and Business in the Field of International Information Security, organised by Lomonoso, Moscow State University Institute of Information Security Issues, Garmisch Partenkirchen, Germany, April 22-24, 2013. 
 International Engagement on Cyber: Developing International Norms for a Safe, Stable & Predictable  Cyber Enviroment, Georgetown University, Washington DC, USA, April 10, 2013.
 ERA training course on legal and technical aspects of cybercrime for judges and prosecutors, Trier, Germany, February 14-15, 2013.
 A conference on Identity Theft is organized in Oslo, Norway, February 12-13, 2013, by NorSIS, Norway, in cooperation with Oberthur Technologies. 



Judge Stein Schjolbergs book «The History of Cybercrime» is now available on Amazon (also available as ebook,

January 2015).

Draft UN Treaty on an International Criminal Court or Tribunal for Cyberspace (10th edition, June 2015)

Draft  UN Treaty on combating online child sexual abuse (8th edition, June 2015)

Crossing jurisdictional borders; Europol-INTERPOL Cybercrime Conference, The Hague (September 24-25, 2013)

Court Trial - The Third Pillar for Cyberspace; INTERPOL-Europol Cybercrime Conference, Singapore (October 1-3, 2014)

Cyber Power - Crime, Conflict and Security in Cyberspace (Professor Solange Ghernaouti, Switzerland, May 2013)

All comments are appreciated Judge Stein Schjolberg


  1. Cybersikkerhet og sårbarhet (Norwegian text only June 2015). Some of the research has been supported the Norwegian: Think Tank Civita, https://www.civita.no/en

  2. Cybercrime og forsikring, Nordisk Forsikringstidskrift 3/2014.

  3. Crossing jurisdictional boundaries, Europol-INTERPOL Cybercrime Conference, September 24-25, 2013

  4. Cyberpower - Crime, Conflict and Security in Cyberspace; by Professor Solange Ghernaouti, Switzerland (May 2013)

  5. Potential new international legal mechanisms against global cyberattacks and otherglobal cybercrimes; ERA Training Course on legal and technical aspects of cybercrime for judges and prosecutors, Trier, Germany February 14-15, 2013.

  6. ITU Publication on Understanding Cybercrime: A Guide for Developing Countries  (pdf) Second edition by Professor Marco Gercke, Germany (2011). This is by many observers considered to be the most outstanding presentation of cybercrime in the world today.

  7. Potential new global legal mechanisms on combating cybercrime and global cyberattacks, ISPAC International Conference on Cybercrime: Global Phenomenon and Its Challenges, Courmayeur Mont Blanc, Italy, (December 2-4, 2011)

  8. An International Criminal Court or Tribunal for Cyberspace (ICTC). A presentation at the EastWest Institute Second Worldwide Cybersecurity Summit, London, UK, (June 1-2, 2011).

  9. Wanted - A United Nations Cyberspace Treaty, including cybercrime. A presentation at the EastWest Institute First Worldwide Cybersecurity Summit, Dallas, USA, (May 3-5, 2010).

  10. A Cyberspace Treaty - A United Nations Convention or Protocol on Cybersecurity and Cybercrime. A presentation at the United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice, Salvador, Brazil, (April 12-19, 2010). 

  11. A Cyberspace Treaty, including cybersecurity and cybercrime. Cyberspace, as the fifth common space after land, sea, air and outer space neeed international law as a framework.  - EastWest Institute 7th Worldwide Conference, Special Consultation «International Pathways to Cybersecurity» - Brussels (February 17, 2010).

  12. Court Technology Conference (CTC) 2009 - A brief introduction of the International Courts, Denver, USA, (September 2009) (pdf)

  13. ITU Publication on Understanding Cybercrime: A Guide for Developing Countries  (pdf) prepared by Dr. Marco Gercke; International Telecommunication Union (ITU), Geneva (May 2009)

  14. The History of Global Harmonization on Cybercrime Legislation  - The Road to Geneva (pdf)
    Stein Schjolberg (December 2008)

  15. The Global Strategic Report (HLEG) - ITU (November 2008)

  16. Chairmans Report (pdf)
    High Level Expert Group (HLEG) - ITU (September 2008)

  17. Terrorism in Cyberspace - Myth or reality? (pdf)
    Stein Schjolberg (June 2007)

  1. 2015

  2. November

  3. Cyber3Conference Okinawa2015, Japan, November 7-8, 2015.

  4. October

  5. The Government of Papua New Guinea has stated that a key objective of the cybercrime policy was the development of a standalone cybercrime legislation. 

  6. South Africa has published the draft of the new Cybercrimes and Cybersecurity Bill for public comment. The current legal framework has not kept pace with the dynamic nature of cybercrime.

  7. September

  8. Europol-INTERPOl Cybercrime Conference was held in The Hague, The Netherlands. 350 cyber specialists from law enforcement, the private sector and academia from 66 countries participated. The main focus was the need  to strengthen cross-border cooperation in investigation, information exchange and capacity building on cybercrime.

  9. July

  10. Canada has ratified the Council of Europe Cybercrime Convention on July 8, 2015.

  11. China has enacted a new National Security Law, including cybersecurity  and cybercrime

  12. June

  13. Sri Lanka has ratified the Council of Europe Cybercrime Convention on May 29, 2015.

  14. May

  15. In United Kingdom has the Serious Crime Act 2015 received Royal Assent. This Act also amends the Computer Misuse Act 1990 to ensure sentences for attacks on computer systems fully reflect the damage they cause.

  16. April

  17. UNCTAD and ECOWAS are planning to harmonize cybercrime laws in the West African region.

  18. March

  19. The Shoura Council in Saudi Arabia has agreed to add claims for defamation  in the cybercrime laws.

  20. February

  21. President Obama spoke at the White House Summit on Cybersecurity and Consumer Protection at Stanford University, California. He signed also an Executive Order on the National Institute of Standards and Technology Cybersecurity Framework.

  22. January

  23. President Obama has launched key policy initiatives to highlight the  importance of cybersecurity.

  24. 2014

  25. December

  26. Canada has passed laws that will allow the country to ratify the Council of Europe Convention on Cybercrime (2001).

  27. November

  28. The 2014 ITU Plenipotentiary Conference in Busan, South Korea, resulted in a consensus not to expand the ITU´s role in international Internet governance, and no decision was made to place a greater emphasis on the rights of States above other stakeholders. 

  29. The Inter-American Cooperation Portal on Cybercrime includes information exchange and cooperation among Organizations of American States (OAS).

  30. October

  31. A Bill to fight cyberbullying has been introduced in the Canadian Parliament. The Bill shall have its third reading in the House of Commons after Thanksgiving.

  32. INTERPOL has signed a cooperation agreement with Kaspersky Lab on September 30, and Europol signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Kaspersky Lab on October 1. The signing ceremonies took place in Singapore in conjunction with the INTERPOL-Europol Cybercrime Conference 2014. Kaspersky Lab will provide its products, intelligence and support to the INTERPOL Global Complex for Innovation (IGCI) in Singapore.

  33. September

  34. Qatar has adopted a new law on cybercrime with immediate enforcement.

  35. July

  36. The United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary had a Hearing on the subject of: Taking Down Botnets: Public and Private Efforts to Disrupt and Dismantle Cybercriminal Networks.

  37. June

  38. The East African Community (EAC), UNODC, The Commonwealth Secretariat, and Uganda National Information Technology Authority (NITA), have at a meeting in Kampala, discussed preventing and combating cybercrime.

  39. The United Kingdom Government are proposing a full life sentence for «cyberattacks which result in loss of life, serious illness or injury or serious damage to national security, or a significant risk thereof» as presented in The Queen´s speech.

  40. May

  41. International cybercrime police investigations is being hampered by data sovereignty laws, according to Australian Federal Police Assistant Commissioner Tim Morris.

  42. The Meeting of The Commonwealth Law Ministers in Gaborone, Botswana, on May 5-8, adopted the Report of The Commonwealth Working Group of Experts on Cybercrime. The Working Group`s Report was originally finalised in July 2013, and was considered by Senior Officials of Commonwealth Law Ministers in September 2013.

  43. April

  44. The West African countries discussed cyber legislation at a four-day UNCTAD-ECOWACS Workshop in Ghana.

  45. Bahrain prepares a new cybercrimelaw that already has been approved by the  Parliament.

  46. March

  47. The cooperation between United States and the European Union has been broaden on cybersecurity, also including human rights online.

  48. February

  49. Europol European Cybercrime Centre (EC3) has a one year Anniversary. A report was discussed at a conference organized by the EU Commission.

  50. A new cybercrime law is under developing in Qatar. The draft proposal has been accepted by the Cabinet.

  51. January

  52. The United States President has made remarks to the Report from the Review Group on Intelligence and Communications Technologies.

  53. 2013

  54. December

  55. The United States President´s Review Group on Intelligence and Communications Technologies has in December presented the Report: Liberty and Security in a Changing World. The Report sets forth 46 recommendations, and recognizes the need to maintain the public trust, increase transparency, and enhancing the privacy protection also to non-US persons.
    A permanent position of a Public Interest Advocate should be established to represent the interests of privacy and civil liberties before the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (FISC). In addition, increasing the transparency of the Courts decisions, and changing the appoitment process for the Judges.   

  56. The United Nations General Assembly unanimously adopted a Resolution on privacy in the digital age. The Resolution included Member States «to respect and protect the right to privacy, including in the context of digital communication.» The Resolution calls on all States «to review their procedures, practices and legislation regarding the surveillance of communications ...»

  57. Kapil Sibal, Minister of Communications and IT, India, made a presentation at a NASSCOM conference in December, including: « Now, the Internet world today does not allow us to find where the attack came from and who attacked us, nor does it allow us to disclose the identity of the attackers. We need to develop global rules for that. We need a global accord for that and we then need a system of cyber justice.»

  58. November

  59. The African Union Convention on Cybersecurity (AUCC) will be signed in January 2014. The Convention includes 15 African States in the prevention of cybercrime «through the organisation of electronic transactions, protection of personal data, promotion of cybersecurity, e-governance and combating cybercrime.»

  60. The Canadian Government has introduced to the Canadian Parliament,    amendments to the Criminal Code that would make the non-consensual distribution of intimate images (cyber-bullying) illegal. The Bill includes also amendments in procedural legislation and the Evidence Act.

  61. October

  62. DIRECTIVE 2013/40/EU of the European Parliament and of the The Council of 12. August 2013, on attacks against information systems and replacing Council Framework Decision 2005/222/JHA, was adopted, and entered into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.

  63. The Seoul International Conference on Cyberspace 2013, has adopted a Seoul Framework for and Commitment to Open and Secure Cyberspace. The Framework includes a Section 5 on cybercrime.

  64. September

  65. In Bahrain the Cabinet has approved a proposal for a comprehensive law against cybercrime.

The National Congress of Peru has approved a new law on cybercrime,   including amendments of the proposal from the Government.

  1. August

  2. In Bangladesh the Cabinet has approved amendments in the Communication Technology Act of 2006.

  3. An overview of cybercrime laws in India, especially in the Information Technology Act of 2000, last amended in 2008.


  1. The European Parliament has amended the penalties for cybercrime on attacks against information systems, EU Directive 2013/40. In the event of  a cyberattack, EU countries will have to repond to urgent requests within for assistance within eight hours. The Directive came into force on September 3, 2013.

  2. April

  3. Tanzania is preparing a Draft Act on cybercrime that will especially protect the government, business and banks from financial fraud.

  4. March

  5. In Trinidad and Tobago a draft law on cybersecurity and cybercrime has been presented to the Legislative Review Committee. It is estimated that it will be sent to the Parliament within two months for enactment as law. Assistance has been given by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).

  6. The legal framework on cybercrime in Samoa was presented at a Workshop on fighting cybercrime for the Pacific.

  7. February

  8. The Supreme Court in the Philippines has declared in a temporary restraining order, that the new cybercrimelaw should not enter into effect.

  9. January

  10. In Australia the Attorney-General has announced that the Council of Europe Convention on Cybercrime enter into force in Australia, on March 1, 2013. The Australian Cybercrime Legislation Amendment Act 2012 received Royal Assent on September 12, 2012.

  11. Jamaica has through the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) engaged Professor Marco Gercke, Germany, as a consultant to provide technical and legal assistance in reviewing the excisting cybercrime law. The Cybercrime Act was introduced in 2010.

  12. 2012

  13. December

  14. The International Criminal Law Network (ICLN) organized a Cybercrime Conference in The Hague on December 13. Judge Stein Schjolberg introduced a proposal for an International Criminal Court or Tribunal for Cyberspace.

  15. November

  16. The United Arabic Emirate (UAE) has enacted a new cybercrime law, including using the Internet to transmit, publish or promote pornographic material, gambling activities and indecent acts.

  17. In Brazil, The Chamber of Deputies, the lower legislative house, has approved      

   two cybercrime laws. Both Bills may now be signed by the President


  1. UNODC has published a practical guide, The use of the Internet for terrorist purposes, to Member States for more effective investigation and prosecution of terrorist cases involving the use of the Internet.

  2. The Dutch Minister of Security & Justice has in a letter to the Parliament expressed the Governments intention to draft new cybercrime legislation.

  3. September

  4. Judge Stein Schjolberg made a presentation on cybercrime at the 13th International Criminal Law Congress, Queenstown, New Zealand, September 12-16. See his summary (pdf).

  5. Australia has enacted the Cybercrime Legislation Amendment Act 2012, including the implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Cybercrime.

  6. August

  7. The U.S. Senate has blocked the Cybersecurity Act of 2012.

  8. July

  9. Costa Rica has adopted Law 9048 as amendments to the Criminal Code, including new cybercrime offences.

  10. June

  11. The House of Representatives in The Philippines has approved the third and final reading of the Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012. Offences punishable under the Act, includes also offences such as cybersex, unsolicited commercial communications, cyber defamation, and cyber threats.

  12. May

  13. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has organized a regional expert meeting in Bangkok, Thailand, for a contribution to the UNODC global Study/Working Group on cybercrime. The Group shall study aims to strengthen existing national and international legal responses to cybercrime.

  14. April

  15. The EastWest Institute Cybercrime Legal Working Group is developing recommendations for a consensus-building set of new legal mechanisms for cybersecurity and cybercrime at the United Nations level.  «I am not willing to accept Deadlock», said the Chair Judge Stein Schjolberg.

  16. March

  17. Potential new legal mechanisms against global cyberattacks and cybercrime, including a International Criminal Tribunal for Cyberspace,  was introduced by Judge Stein Schjolberg. 

  18. The Shoura Council in Saudi Arabia has approved the Arab League Convention to combat cyber crimes.

  19. A Legal Analysis has been published of the The Cyber Crime Protection Security Act (S.2111) in the US Senate.

  20. February

  21. The Bill C-30 has been recommended to the House of Commons in Canada entitled: «An Act to enact the Investigating and Preventing Criminal Electronic Communications Act and to amend the Criminal Code and other Acts.»

  22. January

  23. The Senate in The Philippines has approved the final reading of the Senate Bill 2796: The Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012. (pdf) In addition to the traditional Articles on substantive criminal law, the Bill also includes offences on cybersex and cybersquatting.

The book "The History of Cybercrime"  was published in November 2014. It’s now available from amazon.com

You will also find the book at other retailers, such as:

Apple iBooks and Amazon Kindle Shop